Ukraine

Study in Ukraine

Softamo Education Group

About Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world . Its capital and largest city is Kiev. The dominant religions in the country are Eastern Orthodoxy and Greek Catholicism. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country entirely within Europe, the 46th largest country in the world and the second largest country in Europe.

Ukraine has extensive fertile farmlands, hence it is one of the world's largest grain exporters. Ukraine also maintains the second-largest military in Europe after that of Russia. The country is home to a multi-ethnic population, 77.8 percent of whom are Ukrainians, followed by a very large Russian minority, as well as Georgians, Romanians, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Jews, Bulgarians and Hungarians. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the OSCE, the GUAM organization, and one of the founding states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

Currency is UAH (Ukrainian hryvnia) and 1 UAH is equal to Rs. 2.61.

In summer, July is the warmest months in Ukraine with an average temperature of 24o C and in winter, January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. Heavy snowfall or even snowstorms are also possible on some days.

Ukrainian paved roads stretch for 164,732 kilometers (102,360 mi). Major routes, marked with the letter 'M' for 'International' extend nationwide and connect all major cities of Ukraine, and provide cross-border routes to the country's neighbors. There are only two true motorway standard highways in Ukraine; a 175-kilometre (109-mile) stretch of motorway from Kharkiv to Dnipro and a section of the M03 which extends 18 km (11 mi) from Kiev to Boryspil, where the city's international airport is located.

Rail transport in Ukraine connects all major urban areas, port facilities and industrial centers with neighboring countries. The heaviest concentration of railway track is the Donbas region of Ukraine. Ukraine is one of the world's highest rail users. The total amount of railroad track in Ukraine extends for 22,473 kilometers (13,964 mi), of which 9,250 kilometers (5,750 mi) is electrified. Currently the state has a monopoly on the provision of passenger rail transport, and all trains, other than those with cooperation of other foreign companies on international routes, are operated by its company 'Ukrzaliznytsia'. Ukraine has a large and steadily growing Internet sector, The core of the audience is the 25 to 34-year-old age bracket. Ukraine ranks 8th among the world's top ten countries with the fastest Internet acess speed.

Ukraine has numerous tourist attractions: mountain ranges suitable for skiing, hiking and fishing: the Black Sea coastline as a popular summer destination; nature reserves of different ecosystems; churches, castle ruins and other architectural and park landmarks; various outdoor activity points. Kiev, Lviv, Odessa and Kamyanets- Podilskyi are Ukraine's principal tourist centers each offering many historical landmarks as well as formidable hospitality infrastructure.

The traditional Ukrainian diet includes chicken, pork, beef, fish and mushrooms. Ukrainians also tend to eat a lot of potatoes, grains, fresh, boiled or pickled vegetables. Popular traditional dishes include varenyky , nalysnyky , kapuśniak,, borscht, holubtsy and pierogi. Ukrainian specialties also include Chicken Kiev and Kiev cake. Ukrainians drink stewed fruit, juices, milk, buttermilk (they make cottage cheese from this), mineral water, tea and coffee, beer, wine and horilka.


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