Study in USA
The United States remains the premier destination for international students because it has something for everyone. US Universities offer a vast number of academic options and it is always possible to find the one programme that is a perfect match for your interests. One can focus on a rather narrow area of a discipline or study a varied group of subjects – as per one’s requirements. The variety, flexibility and quality of an American education are the factors that draw students to the US in large numbers from everywhere. Types of Educational Institutions in the US There are nearly 6,000 postsecondary career and technical schools, and over 4,000 degree-granting institutions of higher education in the United States. To keep matters simple, we have classified them according to the highest degree/diploma they award.
Post-Secondary career and technical schools These schools provide short training courses, and sometimes specialised degree programmes. The vast majority of career and technical schools are private and many of them are operated on a for-profit basis. Career and technical schools are generally approved and regulated by state governments.
They don’t provide any degrees, only certificates. Community and Junior Colleges Community colleges provide a variety of educational services, ranging from adult and community education services, through post-secondary career and technical education, to academic and professional studies at the university level permitting transfer to higher level studies such as the bachelor’s degree. Most such colleges offer Associate degrees. Almost all of them have transfer arrangements with local public and private colleges and universities (called articulation agreements) that permit students who have completed approved courses of study to transfer to bachelor’s level studies with up to 2 years of academic credit. Colleges and Universities There are many famous US colleges and universities. Institutions that offer the bachelor’s and higher degrees are often called ‘senior’ colleges or universities. These may be single campus institutions, multi-campus institutions or systems comprising several independent institutions.
Qualifying Exams for USA
- GRE : GRE is mandatory for almost all MS level programmes in USA including management studies. While all universities require GRE general test score some also ask the student to take GRE subject tests.
- GMAT : One of the most important elements of the application package for admission to MBA in USA is the GMAT score. The GMAT is a standardized test which evaluates a candidate on four yardsticks -Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, and Verbal. The GMAT test score is valid for up to 5 years.
- SAT : SAT is taken for undergraduate admission in the United States and some other countries and assesses how well the test takers analyse and solve problems. It is usually taken by junior and senior high school students and is based on subjects taught in high school programs.
- TOEFL : TOEFL is an English proficiency for students from non- native English speaking country students.
- IELTS : IELTS is also an English proficiency test for students from non- native English speaking countries.
- MCAT : Students interested in pursuing medical studies in US have to appear for MCAT.
- LSAT : LSAT is for law aspirants.
- USMLE : The United States Medical Licensing Examination or USMLE is a screening test for medical graduates who want to practice medicine in the US. The three-step examination offers medical licensure in US.
What’s the difference between a college and a university?
Colleges in U.S. offer only undergraduate degrees whereas universities offer undergraduate as well as graduate degrees, but the terms are often used interchangeably.
What is the academic calendar for universities in the United States?
The academic year for universities in the United States is usually from August to May. Most universities use either the semester system (two terms), the quarter system (students attend three out of four total terms), or the trimester system (three terms).
What is the credit system in U.S. universities?
A credit is a value assigned to each course reflecting the number of hours the class will meet the professor each week.
What is a GPA?
Grade Point Average (GPA) is a numeric indicator for a student's academic performance which is calculated on a scale of 4.0.
How can we decide which schools to apply to in U.S.?
It’s essential to explore your options and set your priorities before you decide which schools to apply to in U.S.
Can you work while studying in the United States?
As an international student you may work on campus up to 20 hours/week in the first year of study in US and can apply to work off-campus in the subsequent years only with due permission of the International Student Office under CPT or OPT.
How can I find out which universities are rated best for a specific academic major?
The best way is to refer the college and university guides to find which institutions are renowned in different fields of study.
What is a liberal arts college?
A liberal arts college offers courses in humanities, languages, math, social and natural sciences, and students take 25-50% of their courses in their major.
What are the English Language Proficiency Requirements?
U.S. universities require an English language proficiency test before admission and the test requirements vary depending on the course you apply for.
English Language Ability Tests
The most common tests of English language ability are the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), and the Pearson Test of English (PTE).
What are the other Standardized Tests for USA?
Undergraduate Level Examinations
SAT : A standardized test to evaluate the written, verbal and mathematical skills of the applicants.
ACT : To test the student's ability in English, Math, Science, Reading and Writing sections.
Graduate Level Examinations
GRE : A standardized test of verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and analytical writing for graduate-level study.
GMAT : A standardized test for MBA applicants and for business programs that measures basic verbal, mathematical, analytical writing and integrated reasoning skills.
MCAT : A standardized examination that assesses problem solving, critical thinking, writing skills, and knowledge of science concepts and principles essential for the study of medicine.
LSAT : A standardized test to measure the reading and verbal reasoning skills used by the law schools as an assessment factor for admission.
DAT : A test to measure general academic ability, comprehension of scientific information, and perceptual ability, used for admission to Dental schools.
What is the difference between a F-1 and J-1 visa?
An F-1 visa is a student visa that is needed to study at a college, school or university in the USA. A J-1 visa is for an exchange student for temporary stay in the USA.
Do I need to have a health check /immunization done before getting a student visa for USA?
No, the US government does not require any specific immunizations. However, the University Health Service (UHS) strongly recommends that students come to school fully immunized to protect their health.
What is CPT?
CPT is defined as employment which is an integral part of an established curriculum, including: “alternate work/study, internship, cooperative education in USA, or any other type of required internship or practicum which is offered by sponsoring employers through cooperative agreements with the school.”
What are the popular courses in the USA?
STEM (Sciences, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) subjects are mostly opted by international as well as domestic students in the USA. However, Psychology, Business Administration, Education, Economics and Political Science are certain other popular courses.
Are any scholarships available for international students in USA?
Scholarships and grants are usually awarded to international students in USA on the basis of merit, need or any other exceptional excellence like proficiency in sports, cultural activities or a remarkable contribution in community service. The scholarships are highly competitive.
Many American universities also offer grants for foreign students who wish to study at their institution but these vary substantially from university to university.
The Standardized Test scores play a vital role in U.S. universities granting scholarships.